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Home Home Oral Health Toothlessness a Clue to Deadly Heart Disease?
Toothlessness a Clue to Deadly Heart Disease?
News - WebMD Oral Health
Jupiter, FL Dentist

Toothlessness a Clue to Deadly Heart Disease?

Researchers can't be certain gum disease is the culprit

WebMD News from HealthDay

By Robert Preidt

HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Toothless heart disease patients are nearly twice as likely to die as those who have all their teeth, a new study suggests.

Gum disease is the most common cause of tooth loss, and gum disease-related inflammation is believed to play a role in the narrowing of arteries, the researchers said.

"While we can't yet advise patients to look after their teeth to lower their cardiovascular risk, the positive effects of brushing and flossing are well established. The potential for additional positive effects on cardiovascular health would be a bonus," said study lead author Dr. Ola Vedin, a cardiologist at Uppsala University Hospital and Uppsala Clinical Research Center in Sweden.

The study included more than 15,000 heart disease patients in 39 countries. They were assessed for tooth loss and followed for an average of 3.7 years.

Those with the fewest teeth were older, smokers, female, less active and more likely to have diabetes, high blood pressure, more body fat and a lower level of education, the study found.

During the follow-up, more than 1,500 major events -- either cardiovascular death, heart attack or stroke -- occurred, as well as 705 cardiovascular deaths, 1,120 deaths from any cause, and 301 strokes.

After adjusting for certain factors, the researchers concluded that every increased level of tooth loss was associated with a 6 percent increased risk of major cardiovascular events, and a roughly 15 percent higher risk of cardiovascular death, death from any cause and stroke.

Compared to patients with all their teeth, those with no teeth had a 27 percent higher risk of major cardiovascular events. The researchers also found toothlessness was associated with an 85 percent higher risk of cardiovascular death, 81 percent higher risk of death from any cause, and a 67 percent higher risk of stroke.

The study only found a link, not a cause-and-effect relationship, between dental health and heart health. It was published Dec. 16 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

"The risk increase was gradual, with the highest risk in those with no remaining teeth," Vedin said in a journal news release.

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